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Hyperpigmentation Causes & Treatments - Expert Advice


Suffering from uneven skin tone or dark spots? Don't worry, you are not alone. Pigmentation or hyper-pigmentation affects people of all races and ages.

Pigmentation or hyper-pigmentation is a common skin condition where some areas of the skin turn darker in colour. To understand pigmentation, let us first understand melanin. The colour of our skin is due to a pigment called melanin. Melanin protects our skin from the damaging effects of solar radiation. It is produced by specialized cells in the skin called melanocytes present in the upper layer of the skin.When skin is exposed to the sun frequently, it stimulates melanocytes leading to over-production and uneven distribution of melanin in the skin. This results in uneven skin tone, freckles, dark spots and age spots on the skin.Apart from excessive sun exposure, ageing, hormonal changes and free radicals are some other common causes of pigmentation.

Age Spots






Dark Circles



Sometimes called liver spots or solar lentigines, this is a form of pigmentation. They usually occur as a result of damage to the skin from sun rays. Exposure to sun's rays and other environmental factors like air pollution and toxins wreak havoc on our skin by damaging skin cells. This results in visible signs of aging on our skin. The skin appears dull and lifeless. Pigmentation and age spots start to appear and this is also the first sign of ageing. Age spots and pigmentation can be treated using advanced services and home care products.Kaya has a number of advanced services and home care products to treat age spots and pigmentation.Our dermatologists will understand your skin and recommend the best treatment to combat your problem.
Melasma (also known as chloasma or the "mask of pregnancy" when present in pregnant women) is a skin condition where brown patches appear on the face.Although it can affect anyone, melasma usually occurs in women, especially pregnant women and those on birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) medications. It usually appears as dark irregular patches commonly on cheeks, bridge of nose, forehead, and upper lip. Kaya has a number of advanced services and home care products to treat Melasma. Our dermatologists will understand your skin and recommend the best treatment to combat your problem.
Freckles are flat circular spots on the skin and may be red, yellow, light brown, brown, or black in colour. There will be usually multiple spots and appear randomly on the skin, especially after repeated exposure to sunlight.They may appear on children as young as 1 or 2 years of age and are usually present on cheeks, nose, arms, and upper shoulders. In some cases, it is a warning that the skin is sensitive and prone to sunburn.They are usually harmless and treatment is required only for cosmetic reasons. Camouflage creams can be used to hide the spots. Several safe and effective methods are available which lighten or reduce the appearance of freckles. Usually a combination of treatments may be required for best results.
Dark circles are dark blemishes around the eyes. The commonest cause of dark circles is genetic. The skin around the eyes is very thin and the blood vessels in this area are visible through the skin. This gives a bluish tint to the area.Other causes are fatigue, allergies, anemia, advancing age etc. This can also be associated with puffiness around the eyes. A good diet and lifestyle modification helps in improvement. Camouflage creams can be used to hide dark circles.

Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)

PIH or post inflammatory hyper-pigmentation usually occurs after some type of injury to the skin and is more common in the darker skin types because of higher melanin content. It can commonly occur after a acne breakout or can be caused by inappropriate or overly aggressive laser or after use of some skin products.To treat PIH, the underlying cause should be treated first. Avoidance of sun exposure is a must with the help of a broad spectrum sunscreen and protective clothing. Skin lightening creams containing potent lightening actives can also help in reducing pigmentation.


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